Saturday, December 31, 2005

Prez's Speech at L N Mishra Univ. Convocation, Patna - Part 2


30-12-2005 :

Agriculture and agro food processing
As you all are aware, India is now producing about 200 million tonnes of food grains,
as a result of the first green revolution piloted by the political
leadership of Shri C. Subramaniam, the scientific leadership of Dr. M.S.
Swaminathan and willing farmers. India has now embarked on Second Green
Revolution which will enable increase in productivity and
diversification of the agricultural sector. The second green revolution
will have the farmers in focus, farming technology as the friend, food
processing and marketing as partners and the consumers as customers.
From now on to 2020, India will gradually increase the production to
around 400 million tonnes of grains. The increase in the production will
have to be done under the reduced availability of land from 170 million
hectares to 100 million hectares with reduced water availability. We
should also learn to diversify to meet specific consumer preferences,
export markets and also in the interest of ecological balance. This is
to be achieved through information access to all stakeholders and not
with central controls or restriction of movements of agro products.

In addition to this, there is a large potential in medicinal,
floriculture and aromatic plants in view of the large bio-diversity
potential of India. We have to aim at one billion dollar export
potential for all the three areas including orchids which can grow
naturally in certain districts of Bihar. Now I would like to discuss
interlinking of rivers which is very essential for Bihar.

Interlinking of rivers
Interlinking of rivers is essential for controlling floods and droughts, for making drinking water
available to all regions, for transporting goods and navigation, for generating more
cultivable land and generation of Hydel power. And above all the
networking of rivers will lead to environmental upgradation and national

Science and Technology can surely help in executing
such missions. India has its own remote sensing satellites and their
applications will help in large-scale survey from the source and river
flow pattern at various seasons. Optimum water routes, mapping of the
environmental profile can be evolved using virtual reality through
satellite and aerial imageries. The remote sensing satellites, which has
been launched namely CARTOSAT-I will give extensive mapping and
infrastructure for executing the interlinking of rivers. The defence and
nuclear technologies can be considered for the creation of series of
canals and pumping stations in mountain areas. This mission will have to
enlist all the connected departments of government, industries, academic
and research institutions. The interlinking of river mission is
particularly important for Bihar since North Bihar is flooded as soon as
Kosi river is in floods. It is only in 2005 we did not have this
situation when floods were experienced by many other States.

To permanently eliminate the problem of floods I would recommend
departments of Lalit Narain Mithila University to study the flood
patterns which have occurred during the last 30 years and prepare a long
term plan for containment of flood. In the Gangetic plain, I would
recommend the construction of layered wells in the entry points of Kosi
river from Nepal. These layered wells will store the floodwater at
different levels and will control the devastating effects on low-lying
areas. The water thus stored will be useful during shortage period. A
multi disciplinary team from this University consisting of students and
staff could be nominated for this purpose.

The PURA enterprises, agriculture and agro-processing industries and
interlinking of rivers will generate large scale entrepreneurial and employment
opportunities for the graduates and post-graduates completing their education from
this university.

Employment Generation through entrepreneurship
There has been substantial growth in our higher
educational system and we are generating over 3 million graduates every
year. However our employment generation system is not in a position to
absorb the graduates passing out from the universities leading to
increase in educated unemployed, year after year. There is a large
mismatch between the skills required for the modern economy and the
education imparted to most of these students. In addition, economic
growth and investments have not kept pace with the availability of human
resources. This situation will lead to instability in the social

We need higher education focused on and oriented towards
high value and productive employment opportunities. A three pronged
strategy is needed to make education more attractive, make it skill
imparting and simultaneously create employment potential ? how do we do

Firstly, the educational system should highlight the
importance of entrepreneurship and prepare the students right from the
college education to get oriented towards setting up of the enterprises
which will provide them creativity, freedom and ability to generate
wealth. Diversity of skills and perseverance in work makes an
entrepreneur. It should be taught to all the students. In addition,
college syllabi even for arts, science, and commerce courses should
include topics and practical where such entrepreneurship is possible.
Secondly, the banking system should provide venture capital right from
every village level to the prospective entrepreneurs for undertaking new

Thirdly, there has to be an economic pull for human
resources; for example generation of marketable products and enhancement
of purchasing power among the people through the implementation of
national missions. The educational institutions, Government and the
private enterprises should become facilitators for creating this
entrepreneurship scheme through the support of the banking system and
the marketing system. Entrepreneurs have to produce the competitive
products for becoming successful in their missions. I am sure that many
of you would explore the possibilities of becoming entrepreneurs and
become the employment generators rather than employment seekers.

In 1952 Prof Paul Henson Appleby of the University of
California in his detailed report evaluating public administration in
the various States of India presented to the then Prime Minster Pandit
Jawaharlal Nehru, had concluded that Bihar was the best administered
State in India in 1952. Bihar has a cultural ethos which can enable you
to chart a new course for its progress; what is needed is a deliberate
will and an inclination to set aside short term self-destructive
priorities and programmes, and evolve an agenda based on honesty of
purpose, sincerity and a positive will to move ahead in every field. In
this noble task, the younger generation has an extremely important role
to play. You, disciplined and educated young members of the society,
have to carry the future on your capable shoulders individually and
collectively with single-minded devotion. I have no doubt that this is
possible and when this is possible, the future is bright and certain. It
should be yours for the asking. Your history has the foundation;
rebuilding the future consistent with that historical magnificence will
be a divine task ordained by the virtues of honesty, discipline and
sincerity. Evolve a coordinated vision based on these eternal values and
chart out a constructive agenda which will take the State irrevocably on
the road to a brilliant all-round future. I have no doubt that all of
you will devote yourselves to this noble endeavor.

Once again let me congratulate all the outgoing graduates and inaugurate the Women?s
Institute of Technology in this campus. My best wishes to all the
members of Lalit Narayan Mithila University for success in their mission
of promoting quality education in Bihar and development of enlightened

May God bless you!

Prez's Speech at L N Mishra Univ. Convocation, Patna - Part 1


30-12-2005 :

Empower the Youth to become Entrepreneurs
I am indeed delighted to participate in the annual Convocation of the Lalit
Narayan Mithila University and the Inauguration of the Women?s Institute
of Technology (WIT), Darbhanga. I congratulate the graduating students
for their academic excellence. My greetings to the Chancellor, Vice
Chancellor, Faculty Members, students and staff members of the
University for shaping the students for meeting the challenges in life.
During the last thirty three years this University has been meeting the
higher education needs of the districts of Darbhanga, Madhubani,
Samastipur and Begusarai. I would like to talk to you on the topic
"Empower the Youth to become Entrepreneurs". First let me talk about our
national mission.

Our National mission - challenges
Our nation is going through a major challenge of uplifting of 260 million people who
are below the poverty line out of our billion population. Also we have
to give better life for many millions who are on the border line of
poverty or just above the poverty line. They need a decent habitat, they
need work with reasonable income, they need food, they need speedy
access to health care, and they need education and finally they need a
good life and hope for a better future. Our GDP is growing at more than
7% per annum on an average. Whereas, the economists suggest that to
uplift the people from below the poverty line, our economy has to grow
at the rate of 10% per annum consistently, for over a decade.

Integrated action:
To meet the need of one billion people, we have
the mission of transforming India into a developed nation. We have
identified five areas where India has a core competence for integrated
action: (1) Agriculture and food processing, (2) Education and
Healthcare, (3) Reliable and Quality Electric power, Surface transport
and Infrastructure for all parts of the country, (4) Information and
Communication Technology (5) Strategic sectors. These five areas are
closely inter-related and if implemented in mission mode, will lead to
food, economic and national security of our country.

Engines for Growth:
Emphasis should be on full utilization of natural and human
resources of the nation to meet the demands of the modern society. We
should also remember that about 50% of our population consists of young
people with aspirations for better living. Value addition in
Agriculture, Manufacturing and Service sectors, building the national
core competence and technologies will lead to additional high income
employment potential. The engines for growth will be accelerated by
launching of the five national missions viz. water, energy, education
and skills, infrastructure and employment generation. In totality of
these five missions will enable achievement of 10% GDP growth rate per
annum. It is possible to do so with ecological and economic
sustainability. It is not the mission of governments. It is a collective
effort of big and small businesses, science and technology and academic
institutions, foreign investors, and many others who have confidence
about India.

With these aspects in view, we have already laid down
the road map. The priority for the government is to convert the road map
into various missions. It is to be done in a decentralized manner
allowing a greater role for private enterprise and local initiatives.
While converting the vision into different missions we seem to have many
thoughts and variety of routes to reach the goal. This is where there is
a need to have a coherent thinking among all the members of the society,
including the legal and law enforcement agencies. All of us have to
think that the nation is greater than an individual or an organization.
All of us should believe, that "we can do it".

National Missions and opportunities
Let me discuss some of the national missions that India
is giving thrust for achieving sustainable economic development for all
the regions of the nation. I am sharing these missions with the members
of the Lalit Narayan Mithial University, so that you can assist in
planning the participation of Bihar in the national development process.

First, I would like to discuss about PURA.

Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA)
The number of PURA units for the whole country is
estimated to be 7000. This envisages integrated connectivities to bring
prosperity to rural India. These are - physical connectivity of the
village clusters through quality roads and transport; electronic
connectivity through tele-communication with high bandwidth fiber optic
cables and wireless for last mile to reaching the rural areas from urban
cities and through Internet kiosks; and knowledge connectivity through
education, vocational training for farmers, artisans and craftsmen and
entrepreneurship programmes. These three connectivities will lead to
economic connectivity through starting of enterprises with the help of
banks, micro credits and marketing of the products.

Each PURA cluster will connect about 20 villages depending upon the region and
population and will cost about Rs.100 crores (~$20 Million). After
initial short-term employment during construction etc., we have to plan
for initiating actions for providing regular employment and self
employment opportunities in nationally competitive small enterprises in
agro processing, manufacturing and services sectors for about 3000
people. If the industrial/business parks are marketed well, they can
generate employment opportunities in support sector for about 10,000
people in that cluster. This will provide sustainable economy for the
rural sector. In this national mission, bankers can promote
entrepreneurship in the rural areas. This will lead to the removal of
urban-rural divide. This experience can become a model for other
countries to follow.

PURA as an Enterprise:
A large number of banks have entrepreneurial development programmes.
Banks have also been funding Small Scale Industries of different types in various regions.
The small scale industrialist is a promising candidate for becoming the
chief executive for managing the PURA complexes in an integrated way.
PURA enterprises can also undertake management of schools, health care
units, vocational training centres, chilling plants, silos and building
a market, banking system and the regional business or industrial units.
A new mission mode management style has to emerge for PURA enterprises.
It should not be looking for protective legislations to support them.
Rather they should be efficient to compete with others. This new PURA
enterprise needs partnership from the bank, educational institutions,
the Government and also the private entrepreneurs. Educational
institutions can train the entrepreneurs for managing the PURA in
colleges and the banks can provide loans to the entrepreneurs for
creating and running PURAs as a business proposition.

Since this University has started a Women Institute of Technology, I would like to
share with you a PURA Model which has been nurtured by a Women?s
Engineering College at Vallam, Thanjavur District of Tamil Nadu.

Periyar PURA
This PURA Complex covers 65 villages near Vallam,
Thanjavur district of Tamilnadu involving a population of 3 lakhs. This
PURA complex has all the four connectivities - physical, electronic and
knowledge - leading to economic connectivity. The centre of activity
emanates from the women?s engineering college that provides the
electronic and knowledge connectivity. I understand that now five of the
Periyar PURA villages have been connected with Wi-MAX connectivity.
Periyar PURA has health care centres, primary to post graduate level
education and vocational training centres. This has resulted in large
scale employment generation and creation of a number of entrepreneurs
with the active support of 850 self-help groups. Two hundred acres of
waste land has been developed into cultivable land with innovative water
management schemes such as contour ponds and water sheds for storing and
irrigating the fields. All the villagers are busy in cultivation
planting Jatropha, herbal and medicinal plants, power generation using
bio-mass, food processing and above all running market centres. This
model has emanated independent of any government initiative. The
committed leadership has been provided by a Women?s Engineering College.

As you are aware, Bihar has 45,000 villages with nearly seventy
million people living in these villages. This will need creation of
nearly 600 PURAs in the whole of Bihar. Lalit Narayan Mithila University
can study the entire state of Bihar and work out the configuration of
the economically viable PURAs. Lalit Narayan Mithila University may
undertake establishment of PURA cluster in Dharbanga district in
partnership with Government, NGOs and private on the lines of Periyar
PURA. In the case of Bihar, since large numbers of farmers are depending
on agriculture, agro processing is an important area of rural
development which should become part of each one of the PURAs. These
PURAs can be run by the graduates passing out from Lalit Narayan Mithila

Prez's Speech at PU Convocation, Patna - Part 3

Another area, which is an employment
generator, is the health care industry. We have only one doctor for one
thousand eight hundred people, whereas in some of the developed
countries the doctor to population ratio is 1: 600. For providing
quality health care to all of our citizens, we would need at least
doubling the strength of doctors and paramedical staff in the whole
country. The investment for this need not necessarily come from
government alone. Hospitals can be setup by the private sector with
certain tax concessions and subsidized infrastructural support.

Setting up of 30,000 static tele-medicine stations distributed in
30,000 key locations, within the zone of 3 lakh villages and providing
20,000 mobile tele-medicine units will enable reaching of quality
healthcare closer to every home, which are connected to the district,
state government hospitals, corporate hospitals, super specialty
hospitals in the country. This is possible as India has a network of
satellite communication.

How to reach healthcare for the large numberof our population?
An innovative method has come into action in certain
states. This system provides free health cover to the citizens who are
members and pay Rs. 10 per individual per month as an insurance premium.
State and Central Government can sponsor this insurance scheme involving
matching contribution of Rs. 10 per individual per month. Such a cover
should be able to provide treatment for all types of diseases including
expensive open heart surgery to the members of the scheme. A consortium
is required to be formed, in Bihar between the Government, corporate
hospitals and NGO?s for providing integrated cost effective health care.
The scheme when fully operational can provide direct employment for
additional 48,000 doctors and one lakh paramedical staff in Bihar. Apart
from providing healthcare to citizens, these corporate hospitals can
attract large number of medical tourists to the state in view of our
competitiveness in treating complex diseases. Bihar can definitely
consider setting up of corporate hospitals in the Urban and Rural areas
backed up with the Healthcare scheme which I have suggested. Recently,
when I was in Kerala I saw a high tech hospital in a village called
Parumala where facilities exist for treatment of cardiac diseases,
cancer, TB etc. Next topic I would like to cover is small scale

Small Scale enterprises
Presently the small scale sector in the country has 12 million units employing
around twenty eight million people. Bihar has certain core-competence in the areas of
handloom, paper products, madhupani paintings, makhana, sugarcane, and
pisciculture. Bihar also produces Guava, mango and leechi. These are fit
candidates for agro-processing industry, including intermediate cold
storage sites. In some areas stone cutting is a big industry. There is a
need to produce value added stones for the export market. In addition
competence can also be created in the areas of electrical, mechanical,
chemical, computer accessories, computer hardware and Software. The
creation of such small scale industries in the region can provide
employment for over two million youth of the state.

Develop the spirit: "I can do it"
Dear friends, I talked to you so far about
Bihar?s unique core competence in various sectors and the necessity of
building capacities among students for undertaking nation building tasks
through the university education system. I have found that when the
students graduate approximately 10% of the students take up research or
some specialization. The remaining 90% graduates are looking for jobs
and they have to come out with the spirit ?I can do it?. The education
system should inspire the young to achieve this capacity. Graduates with
such a prepared mind can definitely be able to take up the leadership of
small enterprises with the assistance of venture capital provided by
banks. This will enable the nation to have number of employment
generators rather than employment seekers. It is important for the new
Bihar to make appropriate changes to the university education system
which will empower the young people of Bihar to take up an
entrepreneurial career.

Conclusion: "Bihar Vision: Developed State by 2015"
It is time that we all realized that crime does not pay; that
corruption does not pay. This only fragments the society and the economy
becomes directionless. What is needed is a total realization that
situation can be retrieved and one could look to a bright future. But
then it needs a vision and a collective will that can be put into
practice through coordinated, purposeful and positive endeavours. It is
time Bihar has a vision, ?Bihar Vision: Developed State by 2015?. We
should learn to look into the future, set objectives for the long run
and eschew all temporary, shortsighted and parochial tendencies and
objectives. The people of Bihar need to rise and be awake and I have no
doubt the rest of the nation will join them in such a noble task. This
will be possible if the people?s welfare is put as the basic objective.
Politically, socially, economically and culturally, a coordinated,
streamlined, harmonious vision for the future need to be spelt out and
worked for. I would urge all of you to work for such an objective with a
vision. In this noble but mammoth task, you the educated younger
generation has a crucial role to play and I have no doubt your concerted
action will bring back the glory to Bihar in all its sectors that it
used to pride itself in.

I congratulate the graduates who are passing
out from Patna University today and my best wishes to the members of
Patna University for success in their mission of providing quality
education to the youth of Bihar.

May God bless you.

Prez's Speech at PU Convocation, Patna - Part 2

Any University is judged by the
level and extent of the research work it accomplishes. This sets in a
regenerative cycle of excellence. Experience of research leads to
quality teaching and quality teaching imparted to the young in turn
enriches the research. Research brings transformation and development
and also enhances the quality of education.

Technology is the non-linear tool available to humanity, which can affect fundamental
changes in the ground rules of economic competitiveness. Science is
linked to technology through applications. Technology is linked to
economy and environment through manufacture of knowledge products.
Economy and environment are linked to technology, which promotes
prosperity to the society. We have to use innovation to generate high
value added products for becoming a global player. The research areas of
the Patna University must be linked to the priorities of the state and
the nation.

Employment generators
The most important sectors for sustainable national development are
Agriculture, Education, Healthcare,
Water and Energy. One of the ways by which the rural agriculturists
could increase their earnings is by value adding to the agricultural
produce by processing and manufacturing. The farmers, either
individually or through their co-operatives would market processed and
value added items instead of marketing the raw materials. This increase
in the value-addition taking place in the rural area itself is an
indicator of the society moving towards prosperity and knowledge era.

Dear graduating students, now you will be entering into the real
world of opportunities where you can be the employment generators as
discussed above through the capacity built in you by the university
system. There are five areas relevant to Bihar which I would like to
highlight on entrepreneurship and employment.

Bio-fuel generation
We have nearly 63 million hectares of wasteland available in
the country, out of which 33 million hectares of wasteland have been
allotted for tree plantation. Certain multi-purpose bio-fuel plants can
grow well in wasteland with very minimum input. Once cultivated, the
crop has fifty years of life. Fruiting can take place in these plants in
two years.

Bio-fuel plants grown in parts of the waste land, for
example, 11 million hectares, can yield a revenue of approximately Rs.
20,000 crore a year and provide employment to over 12 million people
both for plantation and running of the extraction plants. It will reduce
the foreign exchange outflow paid for importing crude oil, the cost of
which is continuously rising in the international market. The Bio-fuel
is Carbon neutral and emission free. The oil can also be used for soap
and in candle industries. De-oiled cake is a raw material for composting
and the plantation is also good for honey production. We should absorb
best of the technologies available worldwide and start commercial
operation immediately. One time investment needed for bio-fuel
plantation to production in 11 million hectares will be approximately
Rs. 27000 Crores. The capital equipment and investment in plant and
machinery can come from bank loans and private sector entrepreneurs. I
have seen the progress in bio-fuel plant cultivation, preparation of
seedlings, tissue culture and development of non-toxic hybrid varieties
in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. They have also worked
from processing of seeds to bio-fuel production by the indigenous design
and development of bio-fuel plants. Anand Agriculture University at,
Anand (Gujarat) has also made progress in the bio-fuel cultivation and
processing in Gujarat. Bio-fuel plants can be grown in a number of
states in the southern, western and central part of the country. The
Patna University can prepare a plan for Jatropha plantation in the waste
land available in various districts and also evolve a scheme for
creation of bio-fuel enterprises in the rural areas in Bihar. I would
recommend use of chour land in Bihar may be considered for Jatropha
plantation. Now I would like to talk about water harvesting.

Water Harvesting
Water harvesting should become mandatory for all. To improve
water table, we need to build check dams, develop water sheds, desilt
ponds and rivers, clear the inlets and outlets to the ponds and water
bodies and recharge the wells. If our rural areas are made to have the
operational water bodies, recharging of the wells will take place. The
task is totally labour intensive and nation wide implementation of this
scheme will provide employment for six million persons for more than
three or four years. The scheme will result in increase in storage
capacity of water bodies and create additional irrigation potential of
the land in the region and enhance agricultural productivity. This is
particularly applicable for Bihar to prevent flooding in certain low
lying areas. The next important area is wealth generation through fly

Converting the fly ash as Wealth Generator
As you are aware, the use of coal for power generation results in
increased quantum of fly ash production, which has reached about 100 million tonnes per year. All
out efforts are needed to utilize this fly ash not only from
environmental considerations, but also to avoid land usage for fly ash
dumping. Though there has been a steady progress in fly ash utilization
from 1990, we have a long way to go to reach the target of 100% fly ash
utilization. It is reported that the agricultural increase of grains is
around 15%, green vegetables 35% and root vegetables 50%, when fly ash
is mixed with the soil. Toxicity tests have proved that there is no
toxic element due to fly ash. But it has higher nutrients due to
increased availability of iron and calcium. The fly ash can become a
wealth generator by making use of it for producing ?green building?
materials, road, agriculture etc. Presently, the fly ash utilization is
in the range of 33 million tones per year and providing employment for
over 50,000 personnel. Full utilization of the fly ash stock, will
provide employment potential for three hundred thousand people and
result in a business volume of over Rs. 4000 crore. Since a number of
thermal power stations are available in Bihar, plenty of unused fly ash
is available in the state. The fly ash with certain processing can be
utilized by the farmers in the state for improving the soil productivity
in addition to its use in cement and green building industry. The next
topic I would like to discuss is Textile Industry.

Textile industry
Textile industry is very important for the Indian economy.
Garment export business is a low investment and large volume employment
generator. India is presently, exporting six billion dollars worth of
garments, whereas with the WTO regime in place, we can increase the
production and export of garments to 18 to 20 billion dollars within the
next five years. This will enable, generation of employment in general
and in rural areas in particular. By tripling the export of apparels, we
can add more than 5 million direct jobs and 7 million indirect jobs in
allied sector, including cultivation of cotton. Concerted effort is
needed in Cotton research, technology generation, transfer of
technology, modernization and upgrading of ginning and pressing
factories and aggressive marketing strategy. I would suggest Bihar to
undertake creation of large number of apparel parks in the rural areas
in collaboration with garment exporters. This will provide large scale
entrepreneurial and employment opportunities to the rural population.
This employment, supported by agriculture will increase the earning
capacity of the rural people of Bihar. Finally, I would like to discuss
about Healthcare.

Prez's Speech at PU Convocation, Patna - Part 1


30-12-2005 : Patna

Capacity Building for Entrepreneurship
I am indeed delighted to participate in the Annual Convocation 2005 of the
Patna University. I take this opportunity to congratulate the University
students for their academic performance. I greet the Chancellor, Vice
Chancellor, professors and staff for their contribution in shaping young
minds to work for the nation in multiple fields. I am happy to note that
this University has contributed substantially in the development of
higher education in Bihar over the last nine decades. I understand Patna
University has produced a number of brilliant academicians, technocrats,
administrators, doctors, social workers of eminence. The Patna
University has the distinction of having its alumni important
personalities like Mr. Hasan Imam, Dr. Rajendra Prasad and also the
present Chief Minister Shri Nitish Kumar. I would like to discuss on the
topic Capacity Building for Entrepreneurship.

Core Competence of Bihar
For the nation to develop, all the States have to develop. Bihar
has an important role to play in realizing this vision. We have to look
ahead with confidence and set our sights high to make Bihar the leading
example of resilience, growth, modernity and collective achievement. I
am personally optimistic about Bihar?s success in negotiating the path
of high growth especially because of the superior quality of human
capital that the State is endowed with. This human capital is spread in
many parts of the country and contributing in administration, management
and agricultural farming. From this we see that the core competence of
Bihar in multiple areas is available in Bihar for transformation of the
state into a development state. How can Patna University empower the
young people of Bihar through its educational system? Capacity building
with national development tasks in mind should be the focus of the
educational system.

Capacity Building
A good educational model is the need of the hour to ensure that the students grow
to contribute towards the economic growth of a nation. Can we sow the seeds of
capacity building among the students? There will be continuous
innovation during the learning process. To realize this, special
capacities are required to be built in education system for nurturing
the students. The capacities which are required to be built are research
and enquiry, creativity and innovation, use of high technology,
entrepreneurial and moral leadership.

Research and enquiry:
The 21st century is about the management of all the knowledge and information we
have generated and the value addition we bring to it. We must give our
students the skills with which they find a way through the sea of
knowledge that we have created and continue with life long learning.
Today, we have the ability, through technology, to really and truly
teach ourselves to become the life-long learners. This is required for
sustained economic development.

Creativity and innovation:
The management of knowledge in the 21st century is beyond the capacity of a
single individual. The amount of information that we have around is
overwhelming. The management of knowledge therefore must move out of the
realm of the individual and shift into the realm of the networked
groups. The students must learn how to manage knowledge collectively.
When the information is networked the power and utility of the
information grows as square as stated by Metcalfe's law. Information
that is static does not grow. In the new digital economy information
that is circulated creates innovation and contributes to national

Capacity to use high technology:
Every student in our colleges should learn to know how to use the latest technologies
for aiding their learning process. Universities should equip themselves with adequate
computing equipment, laboratory equipments, and Internet facilities and
provide an environment for the students to enhance their learning
ability. In the midst of all of the technological innovations and
revolutions we cannot think that the role of the teachers will be
diminished. In fact the teacher will become even more important and the
whole world of education will become teacher assisted and would help in
?tele-porting? the best teacher to every nook and corner of the country
and propagate the knowledge.

The aptitude for entrepreneurship should be cultivated right from the beginning and in
the university environment. We must teach our students to take
calculated risks for the sake of larger gain, but within the ethos of
good business. They should also cultivate a disposition to do things
right. This capacity will enable them to take up challenging tasks

Moral leadership:
Moral leadership involves two aspects.
First it requires the ability to have compelling and powerful dreams or
visions of human betterment. Moral leadership requires a disposition to
do the right thing and influence others also to do right things.

In sum, inquiry, creativity, technology, entrepreneurial and moral
leadership are the five capacities required to be built through the
education process. If we develop in all our students these five
capacities, we will produce "Autonomous Learner" a self-directed, self
controlled, lifelong learner who will have the capacity to both, respect
authority and at the same time is capable of questioning authority, in
an appropriate manner. These are the leaders who would work together as
a ?Self-organizing Network? and transform any State as a prosperous
State. The most important part of the education is to imbibe the
confidence among the students is the spirit of ?we can do it?. These
capacities will enable the students to meet the challenges of our
national mission of transforming the nation into a developed country by

Prez's Speech at Mahavir Hospital, Patna

30-12-2005 : Patna

Removing the pain of the children

I am indeed delighted to participate in the inauguration of the Paediatric Oncology
Department of the Mahavir Cancer Sansthan, Patna. I greet the organizers, distinguished doctors, guests
and dedicated nursing and paramedical staff on this important occasion.
I appreciate the missionary spirit and dedication of the institute team
in providing high quality and compassionate medical services and care to
all sections of our society. I would like to talk on the topic "Removing
the pain of the children".

Insights into Life

I would like to
share a few experiences of people and their pain and possible solutions.
Last year, I was at the Centre for Cellular & Molecular Biology at
Hyderabad. I met hundreds of young scientists working on the genetic
origin and manifestations of diseases, particularly Cancer. The young
scholars very enthusiastically shared with me their knowledge of
molecular biology and cellular research. They told me about the
information encrypted on the DNA in the cell nucleus and how both
problems and solutions to the human lives reside on the software that
nature has embedded in each life it creates.

Cancer, unlike many
other diseases that come from the external factors, like infections,
life styles and other environmental and physiological stressors,
primarily emanates from within the cell. The life software embedded in
the DNA material gets mutated and starts growing in a way that is not
in-line with the surrounding cells. Many times when immune systems are
impaired, life turns against itself. The tragedy becomes unfathomable
when it happens at an early age. The intensified research in the area of
DNA coding, definitely will be able to provide the diagnostic and
treatment solutions.

Sometime back, I met one gentleman whose
6-year-old grand child was on periodic blood transfusion for
Thallasemia. The permanent solution, doctors told me was a bone marrow
transplant. The bone marrow of the child was not matching even between
siblings and the parents. Unmatched bone marrow transplant is not done
in India, I was told, and even in the West it is undertaken only in
experimental situations. I met the child who was unaware of the time
bomb that was ticking inside him. I prayed for him, for that was the
only thing I could do. What can we do to strengthen the doctors?
capabilities in such a situation? I think research on stem cell and its
application towards cancer treatment holds great promise. May be
clinicians getting involved in this research will lead to a

Affordable & Accessible Therapeutics

Treatment of
cancer is very often multi-pronged involving unique combinations of
radiation, chemotherapy and surgery. Genetic diagnosis can help to take
good decisions while charting the course of therapy. On the drug side,
instead of looking for agents that kill dividing cells, researchers are
now looking for agents that encourage cells to get destroyed. Inside a
growing tumor, the blood supply can be made to run short suffocating the
deformed cells. Many drugs, called angiogenic agents, are now being
used. However most of these drugs are imported and are very expensive.
Industry-hospital-research institution consortia need to be established
to develop and produce the affordable indigenous products.

Optimization of Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is often hazardous. It
ends up destroying healthy cells in the vicinity and in the metabolic
path of the targeted cancerous ones. A firm in Pune has developed
algorithms describing interaction between normal cells, malignant cells
and nutrients. The algorithms also take into account the
Pharma-co-kinetics of the drug. Together with inputs on patient?s age,
height and weight and the type and volume of the tumor, the mathematical
model can design an optimal drug schedule, minimizing the side effects.
The type and volume of tumor can be automatically deduced by a
combination of imaging and laboratory investigations. Positron Emission
Tomography (PET) scans offer powerful techniques in this area. This is a
good example of how advances in many disciplines of science such as
Biomedical engineering, Image processing, control systems, mathematical
modeling and pharmacology are helping in the development of better and
effective treatment for cancer patients.

Recently, while I was in
Kerala, I inaugurated a project called Karunya Nilayam. As a part of
this project children in the rural areas are being screened and provided
total treatment for cancer. Since, Mahavir Cancer Sansthan, is starting
a Paediatric Oncology Department, I would suggest the Sansthan to
nominate a team of doctors to visit village schools and screen the
children. This will enable early detection of cancer. The detected cases
can be brought to the hospital for treatment. This will be a very
important dimension for treating the needy children of Bihar.

Paediatric Oncology
Unlike adults the childhood cases of cancer are
successfully treatable, as the type of cancers occurring in childhood
are more responsive to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, the
success depends on the availability of adequate nutrition to the child.
Nutritional support should become part of therapy especially in rural
areas. This will decrease complications, improve immunological status
and improve survival. It is important that nutrition support is tailored
to meet the needs of the individual child.

Networking of institutions
There are a number of hospitals providing paediatric
cancer treatment in different cities of the country. It will be useful
to network these cancer treatment centers enabling exchange of
experiences among specialists leading to the delivery of best possible
treatment to Bihar children. This type of interaction will also generate
confidence among medical community to undertake treatment of complex
cancer cases. During one of my visits I found that cancer centers have
immunologists, physiologists and psychologists working together. This
model could also be followed by Mahavir Cancer Sansthan to provide
psychological support to the children facilitating faster recovery.

Creation of Paediatric Cancer Centre at Mahavir Cancer
Sansthan having 50 exclusive beds for children is a significant step
forward in dealing with the most challenging healthcare problem of this
region particularly of children. However, it is essential to have
connectivity of general practitioners with this centre to make a major
impact in terms of reaching the needy as well as helping them out. The
mission of offering the best available patient care, the most
sophisticated education to physicians and patients and be the leader in
the cancer research is indeed a very challenging task. This mission
demands highest of the human capabilities in intelligence, innovation
and perseverance. Above all a mind to serve the needy is important.

Let our new generation have good health and prosperity and not
succumb to the needless waste of human life. Cancer prevention and
cancer cure are indeed the twin challenges to the medico and health-care
community. Challenge transforms into mission of pain removal and thereby
provides useful life that is close to the God.

With these words, I
inaugurate the Paediatric Oncology Department of Mahavir Cancer
Sansthan. My best wishes to the Doctors and other members of this
Sansthan for success in their mission of providing quality healthcare to
the Bihar children.

May God bless you.


Prez's recent Visit to Bihar

Our President, Dr A P J Abdul Kalam is simply superb.

He has impressed all of us, yet again.

His Support for Free Kids' Cancer Treatment at Patna is worth appreciating.

Few reports are:

Another Media Stereotype of Bihar and other states

Sagarika Ghose of IBN is having the guts to imply that BIMARU States' MPs are more corrupt than rest!

Read her nonsense here.

I have posted a comment on her site.

My Response to Sagarika Ghose (Please note that I had to limit my response as there were no more characters to be typed in)
Hi Sagarika

I find that you are unnecessarily linking the MPs' background to BIMARU States without any sound reason. You are saying that 5 out of 11 MPs caught in Sting Operations - Cobrapost + Star are from BIMARU States and hence, it is quite logical (in your opinion) to extrapolate that BIMARU States' MPs are more likely to do such mischief.

You have ignored other 6 MPs who are not from BIMARU State! Why such an omission? Why is it that you are looking at half of the MPs which meet your stereotype of BIMARU MP.

Let us assume that your inference is correct that BIMARU MPs are most corrupt. It implies that Non-Bimaru MPs are not so corrupt.

If we were to agree that Non-BIMARU MPs are not likely to be corrupt (less) then it would mean that these Non-Bimaru states will be free (relatively free) from corruption. Let us take a look at recent history:
Tamilnadu: Jayalalita has been accued in TANSI Case and her money-making ways are infamous.

Do you still think that it is BIMARU Thing

Wednesday, December 21, 2005

Roots of Bihar's Problems and Task for Nitish

Nalini Singh has written an eye opening article in Indian Express about this topic.

Excerpt: But Laloo is not the root of Bihar’s rot. He is its perpetrator. Skewed relationships in the public and private space in Bihar predate him. Nitish Kumar understands this, and is aware that he will cover only a short distance on a tide of anti-Lalooism. His battle for Bihar is both structural and psychological, and success in one will feed into the other.

Read the report here

Friday, December 16, 2005

Highways in Bihar- CISF to gaurd East-West Corridor

National Highways project has been suffering from the onslaught of Criminals for long. It is an open secret that Politicians are also behind these activities and RJD is certainly promoting it in one way or other.

Now, Bihar has got 1 Battalion of CISF from Centre to protect East West Corridor Project

Reference: This news report

Prakash Jha syas that .Many of the powers-that-be in Bihar during the last regime were directly part of Kidnapping Mafia

Prakash Jha is publishing a book on Kindapping in Bihar.

He says:
"I've gone into the outsourcing of this racket...Many of the powers-that-be in Bihar during the last regime were directly part of it.

Read this report here.

Sunday, December 11, 2005

What a Striking Similarity between Shahabuddin and Goutam Goswami, Ex DM of Patna

Both, Shahabuddin and Goswami are in jail and reading Swami Vivekananda's books!

Both are in their late thirties and sport a serious mien interrupted only by a moustache over thick lips. Both come from simple, humble backgrounds from Bihar's backyard. Both rose successfully to power and ruled their respective districts with great dexterity.

Read the report here.

Saturday, December 10, 2005

11 most dangerous people in Bihar

This Indian Express report does an excellent job of listing 11 most dangerous dons in Bihar which need to be resolved to make Bihar a safer place.

It does not include Shahabuddin and Pappu Yadav as they are already known to all.

Read it to get some more details.

Friday, December 09, 2005

Nitish doing a good job at Attracting Investment and Financial Help to Bihar

Nitish Kumar and Sushil Modi have been doing a good job to impress upon Centre to bring the development funds and investment to Bihar.

They have decided to attend NRI Convention in Hyderabad in Jan 06

Read this report.

Saturday, December 03, 2005

Naxal Threat is getting stronger in Bihar

This Report from Telegraph details the breakdown of Administrative Machinery in Bihar.

Exercpts from Report:

The Jehanabad administration stood virtually paralysed on that day. Although technology made it possible for even national television channels to start flashing the news of the Maoist strike barely an hour after the incident, security agencies failed to cut off the escape routes of Maoist rebels. Indeed, the first contingent of the paramilitary forces, or the special task force, remained immobile at the Jehanabad Zero Mile even three hours after the Maoists escaped, allowing a car carrying newsmen to move into town. So scared were the security forces of landmines that they eventually arrived at the jail half-an-hour after the newsmen. A solitary civilian official, possibly the sub-divisional officer, and his pistol- bearing bodyguard, both in a state of shock, were the only ones in the jail where a few inmates remained huddled in the darkness. The administration had the rest of the night to put its act together but till noon next day, it was a free-for-all inside the jail with prisoners, ordinary people and the newsmen moving freely in and out of the premises. It is not the jailbreak the administration should be ashamed of. It is their conduct after the jailbreak that was shameful and caused concern.